Articles scientifiques

The Politics of Achievement Gaps: U.S. Public Opinion on Race-Based and Wealth-Based Differences in Test Scores

J. VALANT, D. NEWARK

Educational Researcher

2016, vol. 45, n°6, pp.331-346

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines

Mots clés : achievement gap; educational policy; equity; experimental research; politics; poverty; race; survey research

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3102/0013189X16658447


For decades, researchers have documented large differences in average test scores between minority and White students and between poor and wealthy students. These gaps are a focal point of reformers’ and policymakers’ efforts to address educational inequities. However, the U.S. public’s views on achievement gaps have received little attention from researchers, despite playing an important role in shaping policymakers’ behaviors. Drawing on randomized experiments with a nationally representative sample of adults, we explore the public’s beliefs about test score gaps and its support for gap-closing initiatives. We find that Americans are more concerned about—and more supportive of proposals to close—wealth-based achievement gaps than Black-White or Hispanic-White gaps. Americans also explain the causes of wealthbased gaps more readily

What determines crime rates? An empirical test of integrated economic and sociological theories of criminal behavior

P. ENGELEN, M. LANDER, M. VAN ESSEN

The Social Science Journal

juin 2016, vol. 53, n°2, pp.247-262

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Crime, Property crime, Violent crime, Deterrence, Integrated model


Research on crime has by no means reached a definitive conclusion on which factors are related to crime rates. We contribute to the crime literature by providing an integrated empirical model of economic and sociological theories of criminal behavior and by using a very comprehensive set of economic, social as well as demographic explanatory variables. We use panel data techniques to estimate this integrated crime model for property and violent crime using the entire population of all 100 counties in North Carolina for the years 2001–2005. Both fields contribute to the explanatory power of the integrated model. Our results support the economic explanation of crime with respect to the deterrent effect of the probabilities of arrest and imprisonment concerns, as well as the time allocation model of criminal activities. In contrast, the integrated model seems to reject the impact of the severity of punishment on crime levels. With respect to the sociological theories of crime, we find most support for the social disorganization theory and for the routine activity theory. Finally, we find differences between property and violent crimes, mostly explained by the sociological models.

A desire for deviance: The influence of leader normativeness and inter-group competition on group member support

J. W. CHANG, N. TURAN, R. M. CHOW

Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

janvier 2015, vol. 56, pp.36-49

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Deviance; Leadership; Inter-group competition; Social identity

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002210311400122X


Does Emotional Intelligence Matter in Interpersonal Processes? The Mediating Role of Emotion Management

J. CHOI, G. CHUNG, S. SUNG, B. NAZIR, S. MOATAZ, J. W. CHANG

Seoul Journal of Business

décembre 2015, vol. 21, n°2, pp.45-70

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Emotional intelligence, Emotion management, Interpersonal behavior, Negotiation


Researchers have identified emotional intelligence (EI) as an importantindividual characteristic that predicts interpersonal effectiveness. In thisstudy, we identified three potential areas of emotion management (emotionexpression, emotion recognition, and shaping counterpart emotion) thatmay be promoted by intrapersonal and interpersonal EI, and may mediatethe effects of EI on interpersonal process and outcomes. Our analysisof data from a dyadic negotiation simulation indicates that EI predictsone aspect of emotion management (shaping counterpart emotion).Intrapersonal EI (but not interpersonal EI) increased counterpart positiveemotion and decreased counterpart negative emotion during the negotiationsimulation. Nevertheless, the overall relationship between EI and emotionmanagement was weak. The present study highlighted the need for clearlyconceptualizing and investigating emotional management through whichindividuals accrue interpersonal and performance benefits

I used to work at Goldman Sachs! How firms benefit from organizational status in the market for human capital

M. BIDWELL, S. WON, R. BARBULESCU, E. MOLLICK

Strategic Management Journal

août 2015, vol. 36, n°8, pp.1164-1173

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Organizational status, Rent appropriation, Careers, Human capital, Investment banking industry

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2440404


How does employer status benefit firms in the market for general human capital? On the one hand, high status employers are better able to attract workers, who value the signal of ability that employment at those firms provides. On the other hand, that same signal can help workers bid up wages and capture the value of employers' status. Exploring this tension, we argue that high status firms are able to hire higher ability workers than other firms, and do not need to pay them the full value of their ability early in the career, but must raise wages more rapidly than other firms as those workers accrue experience. We test our arguments using unique survey data on careers in investment banking

Contacts  

Département Management et Ressources Humaines

Campus HEC Paris
1, rue de la Libération
78351 Jouy-en-Josas cedex
France

Faculté  

Francoise CHEVALIER

Management et Ressources Humaines

Voir le CV

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