Articles

A Comparative Overview of EU and US Legislative and Regulatory Systems: Implications for Domestic Governance & the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

A. ALEMANNO, R. W. PARKER

Columbia Journal of European Law

2016, vol. 22, n°1

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : TTIP, Regulatory Cooperation, Convergence, Divergence, Mutual Recognition, Equivalence, MRA, US-EU, race to the bottom, direct effect, implementation

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2721038


The aim of this report is to inform the EU-US Transatlantic Trade and Investment negotiations on enhanced regulatory coherence and cooperation, by providing negotiators, stakeholders and the public with a comparative overview of the US and EU legislative and regulatory processes in their current form, highlighting differences and similarities

Are Criminal Sanctions Always Appropriate in Business Law? The French Example of Combining Civil and Criminal Law

N. STOLOWY

Journal of Business Law

2016, vol. 7, pp.607-623

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Commercial law; Corporate liability; Criminal liability; France; Offences; Penalties; White collar crime


Developments in business law have shown a general trend towards autonomy or indeed particularism.French commercial law is not homogeneous in substance, although several laws have been combined and the codification has been unified.1France’s Commercial Code comprises a number of different branches that each claims their own particularism.This codification is an administrative resource. It provides a formal presentation of a discipline, without interfering with its content. In some instances the codification improves the accessibility of information, but the major divisions of commercial law remain, and this does not contribute to overall coherence.The criminal sanctions applicable in business law fall into the scope of a specific criminal law. The groupings have been so artificial that is it sometimes very difficult for these disciplines to display their particularism. For example, different criminal laws have developed in such diverse areas as criminal labour law, criminal consumer law, criminal planning and environment law, criminal tax law which completes criminal company law, and criminal business law which is a counterpart to (and sometimes difficult to distinguish from) criminal economic law.These different branches show up boundaries that are often vague, and relative specificities.3 They are best justified on the level of criminal sociology, since they concern clearly identified actors in the various activities involving exposure to certain risks. General or special classifications have had to be found for those risks.These disciplines have the merit of imposing a constructed coherence on the study of criminal offence classifications relating to the major sectors of economic and corporate activity, in order to secure and moralise those activities.Criminal business law occupies a prominent position owing to the company law logic, to which it claims to be a response, but also owing to the difficulty of clearly determining its legal purpose. Its scope varies depending on the author, and the sociological than a legal reality. It is easier to understand that the aim of criminal sanctions is to bring morality into the world of business when they have a repressive dimension or are imposed by the court to ensure compliance. In this perspective they act as a sword of Damocles, and are more effective than court orders or injunctions, which remain civil law sanctions that have few consequences for the individual, and more importantly can be covered by insurance.Criminal law as applied to business is simply a reflection of the complexity of social relations and the difficulty, not to say impossibility, of finding a dividing line between the human, social and economic activities. The economic activity criterion is doubtless the most relevant. Criminal business law acts as a combined law.After an analysis of the appropriateness or otherwise of the decriminalisation of business law, we study its most typical criminal sanctions.

At Long Last, Italy Moves to Comply With European Human Rights Imperative to Recognize Same-Sex Partners

M. M. WINKLER

Lesbian/Gay Law Notes

juin 2016, vol. 6/2016, pp.226-228

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)


Balancing free movement and public health the case of Minimum Unit Pricing of alcohol in Scotch Whisky

A. ALEMANNO

Common Market Law Review

aout 2016, vol. 53, n°4, pp.1037–1063

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : EU law, Proportionality, Tax, Minimum unit pricing, Alcohol, Lifestyle, NCD, Precautionary principle, Risk regulation, Judicial review

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2803165


Scotland is the first jurisdiction in the world to introduce a minimum price per unit of alcohol to reduce consumption. The relevant industry did not hesitate to challenge this new alcohol control policy before courts. The ensuing judgment contains a wealth of insights stemming from regulatory autonomy to proportionality review

Commercio Elettronico, Clausole Abusive e Lois De Police: Il Caso Expedia (Tribunal De Commerce De Paris, 7 Mai 2015)

M. M. WINKLER

Diritto del Commercio Internazionale

2016, vol. Anno XXX, n°Fasc. 2, pp.559-586

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)


Il piombo e l’oro: riflessioni sul caso Oliari c. Italia

M. M. WINKLER

GenIUS - Rivista di studi giuridici sull'orientamento sessuale e l'identità di genere

décembre 2016, vol. 3, n°1, pp.46-61

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Italy; Constitutional Law; Human Rights; LGBT Rights

http://www.articolo29.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/genius-2016-02.pdf


Il presente articolo propone un’analisi della sentenza resa in data 21 luglio 2015 dalla Corte europea dei diritti umani nel caso Oliari c. Italia. Qui la Corte, dichiarando che l’assenza di una legge sulle unioni omosessuali viola l’art. 8 della Convenzione europea dei diritti umani, ha di fatto accelerato il dibattito interno sulla legge sulle unioni civili promulgata, dieci mesi più tardi, il 20 maggio 2016. Nella prima parte, l’articolo esamina la sentenza Oliari, che rappresenta la conclusione di un percorso di formazione, attraverso il diritto sovranazionale, di uno statuto giuridico delle unioni omosessuali secondo il diritto italiano. La seconda parte, invece, esplorerà il “detto” e il “non detto” della sentenza Oliari, in particolare nella sua dimensione comparata e egualitaria. Infine, la terza parte metterà a confronto le statuizioni della Corte di Strasburgo con le disposizioni della legge n. 76/2016 sulle unioni civili per verificare se effettivamente il legislatore italiano abbia adempiuto ai propri obblighi internazionali.

L’analyse comportementale du droit

A-L; SIBONY, G HELLERINGER, A. ALEMANNO

Revue Internationale de Droit Economique (RIDE)

2016, vol. 3, n°XXX, pp.315-338

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Analyse comportementale du droit, approche empirique, droit et psychologie, théorie du droit, nudge

https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-droit-economique-2016-3-page-315.htm


Pour être efficace, le droit a besoin d’une représentation aussi exacte que possible des comportements humains. Les sciences cognitives et comportementales offrent à cet égard des enseignements précieux, que le droit gagnerait à intégrer davantage. Dans cet article, nous rendons compte d’un mouvement de recherche qui s’est développé depuis une vingtaine d’années et s’intéresse aux manières d’intégrer les apports des sciences comportementales à l’étude du droit et à l’élaboration des politiques publiques. Nous explicitons dans un premier temps les prémisses dece champ d’études, avant de discuter l’appellation qui convient le mieux pour le nommer. Nous en dessinons ensuite les contours en décrivant ses objets et questionsde recherche. Enfin, nous évoquons ses méthodes. Par cette introduction à l’analyse comportementale du droit, nous adressons aux juristes une invitation à embrasserce champ de recherches interdisciplinaires encore nouveau en Europe

Mandatory consumer arbitration in a transatlantic perspective: the US supreme court paves the (wrong) way

M. M. WINKLER

Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales (RDAI) / International Business Law Journal (IBLJ)

2016, vol. 5, pp.519-536

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Arbitration; Comparative law; Consumer law; EU law; United States

https://www.iblj.com/abstract.htm?ref=52016519-536


Dans la dernière décennie, la Cour Suprême des Etats-Unis s’est trouvé au coeur d’une tempête de critiques, déclenchée par ses décisions en matière d’arbitrage obligatoire de consommateur. La dernière de ces décisions en particulier, rendue le 14 décembre 2015 dans l’affaire Direct TV c. Imburgia, a proviqué un débat brûlant concerant certains aspects fondamentaux de l’arbitrage, teel que les limites de l’autonomie des parties, le rôle de l’interprétation contractuelle et la question de la nature de l’arbitrage elle-même. En raison de ces vastes implications, et en dépit de sa dimension presque exclusivement américaine, la décision Direct TV peut être sujette à une analyse transnationale visant à saisir ses profondes répercussions sur la compréhension de l’arbitrage et du contentieux de consommation en Europe par comparaison aux Etats-Unis

Nudges: Better choices ?

M BOZZO-REY, A BRUNON-ERNST, A. VAN WAEYENBERGE

The Tocqueville Review / La revue Tocqueville

2016, vol. 37, n°1, pp.7-20

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

https://muse.jhu.edu/article/626849/pdf


The role of codes of conduct in the assessment of unfair commercial practices

A. VAN WAEYENBERGE, A. BOCHON

Journal of Business Law

2016, vol. 6, pp.451-464

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Codes of conduct; EU law; Unfair commercial practices


This article provides an in-depth analysis of the role of codes of conduct in the assessment of unfair commercial practices established by Directive 2005/29 of 11 May 2005 concerning unfair business-to-consumer practices in the internal market and its current reception in Member States case law


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