Articles

Direito Global: Uma teoria adequada para se pensar o direito ambiental? - Global Law: A Proper Theory to Reflect on Environmental Law?

A. VAN WAEYENBERGE

Revista de Direito Internacional - Brazilian Journal of Internation Law

2017, vol. 14, n°3, pp.9-19

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Global Law, Legal Theory, Environmental Law

https://www.publicacoesacademicas.uniceub.br/rdi/article/view/4982/pdf


Globalization has enabled the emergence and rise of new normative formsand institutions that, in practice, have assumed the functions of globalgovernance. These new norms have not gone unnoticed by jurists. Thereare several authors and schools of thought which have used this phenomenonto develop theories that recurrently lie under the labels of “global law”or “transnational law”. Therefore, this article has as its main objective themapping of the main theories of global law in debate, besides presenting,briefly, the pragmatic approach that we defend at the Perelman Center forPhilosophy of Law. Next, we will analyze how this approach can be appliedto environmental law, through the example of the fight against globalwarming. And finally, we will argue that global law, at least in its pragmaticversion, represents an adequate theoretical framework for thinking aboutenvironmental law

Fair and Equitable Treatment in Investor-State Dispute Settlement: A New Interpretative Framework

D. RESTREPO AMARILES, A. VAN WAEYENBERGE

Journal of Business Law

2017, vol. 8, pp.632-650

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)


The fair and equitable treatment (FET) standard has become the cornerstone of investor-state dispute settlement, and one of the most disputed notions in international business law. With investors facing increasing uncertainty, and states moving closer to denouncing treaties they see as limiting their sovereign right to regulate, FET has come to pose a significant risk to the entire investor-state dispute resolution system. This paper outlines an alternative way to consider FET, by acknowledging its thick and indeterminate character as a legal standard. It argues that previous traditional taxonomies have inherent limitations, and that practitioners should instead seek to understand the FET standard through the lens of the rule of law. The paper offers an analysis of the jurisprudence of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) to show that three principles of the rule of law – due process, legal certainty, and the prohibition of arbitrariness – constitute an operational and certain, yet flexible framework of interpretation for the application of the FET standard

France’s Commercial courts: a good example of the administration of justice by ordinary citizens

N. STOLOWY, M. BROCHIER

Journal of Business Law

2017, vol. 1, pp.1-22

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Accessto justice; Commercial law; Courts' powers and duties;France; Judges; Legal history

https://1.next.westlaw.com/Document/I23461760B0A411E6B1DFACFF35803E0B/View/FullText.html?navigationPath=Search%2Fv1%2Fresults%2Fnavigation%2Fi0ad6ad3b0000015fc9730919545f7414%3FNav%3DINTERNATIONAL-ANALYTICAL%26fragmentIdentifier%3DI23461760B0A411E6B1DFACF


Commercial courts occupy a highly specific position in the French judiciary landscape, since their judges are elected.French commercial court judges are not members of the legal professions but business executives and tradespeoplechosen by their peers. This encourages a pragmatic view that takes into account the economic constraints faced by companies. InFrance, certain courts of first instance,such asthe commercial courts, delegate the function of judgment to ordinary citizens, whereas in most courts of first instance, and the appeal courts Cour d’appel and Cour de cassation, only full-time professional magistrates can rule on the cases brought before the court

Italy’s Gentle Revolution: The New Law on Same-Sex Partnerships

M. M. WINKLER

The Digest - National Italian American Bar Association (NIABA) Law Journal

2017, vol. 25, pp.1-31

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Italy; Constitutional Law; Human Rights; LGBT Rights

http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/digst25&div=1&src=home


This Article comments the genesis and the content of the Italian law on civil partnerships between people of the same sex, enacted in May, 2016, and eventually entered into operation, together with a bunch of administrative regulations, in early 2017. As the last country of Western Europe to adopt such a law, the Italian law recognises civil partnerships for same-sex couples but presents several flaws in terms of equality and nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation

James Elliott Construction: a "new(ish) approach" to judicial review of standardisation

A. VAN WAEYENBERGE, D. RESTREPO AMARILES

European Law Review

décembre 2017, vol. 42, n°6, pp.882-893

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Construction materials; EU law; Justiciability; Technical standards

https://1.next.westlaw.com/Document/I3EF4FCF0D44E11E7B7FEB158B428CA86/View/FullText.html?navigationPath=Search%2Fv1%2Fresults%2Fnavigation%2Fi0ad6ad3e00000160c5ed5618294cee8b%3FNav%3DINTERNATIONAL-ANALYTICAL%26fragmentIdentifier%3DI3EF4FCF0D44E11E7B7FEB15


This article analyses the decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the James Elliot Construction case delivered on 27 October 2016. In its decision, the Court has for the first time affirmed its jurisdiction to interpret harmonised technical standards on a preliminary reference. In this contribution, we argue that the decision marks an important breakthrough in the evolution of EU law by recognising harmonised technical standards as part of Union law. This opening offers new possibilities for litigating technical standards and assuring the centrality of the rule of law in the achievement of the internal market. The article concludes by analysing the implications of the decision in relation to the Meroni doctrine, the potential conflicts between the principle of free access to the acts of the Union and the protection of intellectual property, and the impact that greater litigation over harmonised technical standards may have on the caseload of the Court

Le nouveau droit international privé italien des partenariats enregistrés

M. M. WINKLER, K. T. SCHAPPO

Revue critique de droit international privé

2017, vol. 3, n°Doctrine & Chroniques, pp.319-335

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

https://www.dalloz-revues.fr/revues/Revue_critique_de_droit_international_prive-30.htm


Une analyse du droit international privé italien en matière de partenariats enregistrés après la loi no. 76 du 2016 et les décrets d'implémentation du janvier 2017

Questionable Transactions, Unquestionable Rules: The Odebrecht/Braskem Case and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

L. SCOLLO, M. M. WINKLER

Diritto del Commercio Internazionale

2017, vol. XXXI, n°3, pp.521-542

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)


This article offers a critical analysis of the Odebrecht/Braskem case under theForeign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA ). Two Brazilian companies, Odebrecht S.A.and its subsidiary Braskem S.A., have been caught in a massive bribery machinethat concerned Brazil as well as many other countries, including Switzerland andthe United States. Not only did these companies create a true consortium throughwhich they controlled Brazil’s public procurement system in a way to adjudicateand make profit out of multibillion projects in South America and abroad, but theyalso exploited the U.S. financial market to transfer money to corrupt public officers.The two companies cut a deal with the U.S. prosecutors under the FCPA, which thearticle comments in two parts. First, it recounts the case’s factual background,casting a light on the companies’ business models and corrupt conduct. The secondpart delineates the legal arsenal underlying the deal signed with the U.S. prosecu-tors, which reflects a consolidated practice of the U.S. government to prosecutenon-American multinational enterprises pursuant to the FCPA. Such practice isbased on the broad discretion enjoyed by U.S. federal prosecutors in exercising their prosecutorial power, which includes the possibility to halt or defer theprosecution upon the condition that the defendant pays a penalty and submits to certain compliance and self-reporting obligations. Through the FCPA, they cantarget foreign corporations whose bribery scheme involved, even indirectly, theU.S. financial market. Finally, the Odebrecht/Braskem case represents the firstexample of a deal that was indirectly participated by foreign governments, whosesanctions were considered part of the deal itself

Responsabilité Sociale des Entreprises – Enjeux Globaux et Technologiques

D. RESTREPO AMARILES, A. VAN WAEYENBERGE, L. COLOMBANI

Revue Française de Gestion

novembre-décembre 2017, vol. 43, n°269, pp.161-182

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : RSE / nouvelles technologies / blockchain / big data / smart law / bitcoin / droit global / entreprise / droits de l’homme CSR / new technologies / blockchain / big data / smart law / bitcoin / global law / company / Human Rights

https://rfg.revuesonline.com/articles/lvrfg/abs/2017/08/rfg00205/rfg00205.html


Cet article analyse la responsabilité sociale des entreprises en tant que régime normatif doté d’effets contraignants à l’échelle globale. Il montre que l’articulation des instruments multilatéraux de standardisation, tels que les codes de conduite ou les lignes de conduite multilatérales, et les nouveaux mécanismes d’exécution fondés sur l’audit, la conformité et les nouvelles technologies (blockchain, big data et algorithmiques) transforme la nature volontaire et autorégulatrice de la RSE et transfère aux juristes d’entreprises un rôle central dans sa conception et sa mise en œuvre

Supping with the Devil? Indicators and the rise of managerial rationality in law

D. RESTREPO AMARILES

International Journal of Law in Context

décembre 2017, vol. 13, n°4, pp.465-484

Départements : Droit et fiscalité

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-law-in-context/article/supping-with-the-devil-indicators-and-the-rise-of-managerial-rationality-in-law/EB2ED29AD4B538B801BA322ED639A52C


Managerial devices are rapidly developing as a means for driving the legal performance of organisations, including those of states and corporations. This paper explores the managerial rationality underpinning global legal indicators, and the constraints they convey on institutional behaviour. In particular, it argues that indicators are better understood as part of a system of management control and distributed governance, which is steadily eroding state-centred forms of authority, including state law. In this context, legitimacy and reactivity are contingent to their cycle of production and implementation, which is fourfold: data-collecting, benchmarking, auditing and allocating incentives. Each process is meant to generate respectively subjectification, self-knowledge by comparison, accountability and stimulus for action. Indicators with higher degrees of legitimacy become entrenched in institutional practices and legal decision-making processes. The paper concludes that regulatory spaces where indicators unfold need critical and political scrutiny to expose their pernicious effects, undesirable uses and inevitable misuses

Thinking Justice Outside the Dock: A Critical Assessment of the Reform of the EU's Court System

A. ALEMANNO, L. PECH

Common Market Law Review

février 2017, vol. 54, n°1, pp.129-176

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)


The 2015 reform of the EU’s court system will go down in history as the most radical transformation of the EU judicial architecture since the establishment of the General Court in 1989. It entails not only the doubling of the number of General Court judges but also the dissolution of the Civil Service Tribunal. This article offers a critical assessment of these two major, structural changes, by focusing on both the process by which they were adopted and its overall merits. After providing a detailed examination of its tortuous legislative history and highlighting its unique underlying procedural feature – with the Court itself initiating the reform process -, this article identifies and systematises the major reform’s shortcomings. It criticises both the diagnosis underpinning the reform and the cure administered. It concludes by presenting this reform process as a missed opportunity to address, in a more holistic manner, the pressing non-docket related challenges faced by the EU judicial system and, in particular, to reform a governance structure which is no longer fit for purpose considering the massive transformation of the EU judicial branch since the CJ was first established in 1951


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