Specialized capabilities in Integrated Solutions: The Role of Fit

F. Ceci, A. MASINI

International Journal of Business and Systems Research

2013, vol. 7, n°4, pp.395-411

Départements : Information Systems and Operations Management, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Contingency theory, Integrated solutions, IT sector, Information technology, Organisational capabilities, Business models, Degree of fit, Operational environment

Contingency theory suggests that the selection of coherent combinations of organisational capabilities and operational environments has important performance implications. This paper builds upon this perspective to analyse the emergence of a new business model that is modifying the structure of many industries: the provision of integrated solutions. The aim of the paper is to examine the strategic decisions behind the adoption of a business model based on integrated solutions and to understand how internal firm capabilities must be modified to match the external environment. Relying on primary data from 102 European IT firms, we discuss the value of specialised capabilities, and we analyse their degree of fit with the operational environment in which they are applied. Results show that solution providers that possess specialised capabilities obtain greater benefits when they operate in homogeneous environments