Cross-cultural adjustment of expatriates in Japan


The International Journal of Human Resource Management

septembre 2008, vol. 19, n°9, pp.1588-1606

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines

This study examines determinants of expatriate cross-cultural adjustment related to non- work (interaction and general living adjustment) and work (work adjustment and job satisfaction) aspects in Japan. It was hypothesized that cultural distance and expatriate gender, language proficiency, type (organizational or self-initiated expatriates), and stable personality traits (social initiative, emotional stability, cultural empathy, flexibility, and open-mindedness) have an influence on both non-work- and work-related adjustment. Hierarchical regression analyses, performed on data from 110 expatriates, indicate that expatriate language proficiency, type, and the personality traits of emotional stability and cultural empathy have a positive influence on both types of adjustment. Implications of these findings for practice are discussed. Keywords: Cross-Cultural Adjustment; Japan; Job Satisfaction; Multicultural Personality Questionnaire; Organizational Expatriates; Self-Initiated Expatriates