Positive value of information in games

S. Zamir, O. Gossner, B. Bassan, M. SCARSINI

International Journal of Game Theory

2003, vol. 32, n°1, pp.17-31

Départements : Economie et Sciences de la décision

We exhibit a general class of interactive decision situations in which all the agents benefit from more information. This class includes as a special case the classical comparison of statistical experiments a la Blackwell. More specifically, we consider pairs consisting of a game with incomplete information G and an information structure L such that the extended game Gamma(G, L) has a unique Pareto payoff profile u. We prove that u is a Nash payoff profile of Gamma(G, L), and that for any information structure T that is coarser than S, all Nash payoff profiles of Gamma(G, T) are dominated by u. We then prove that our condition is also necessary in the following sense: Given any convex compact polyhedron of payoff profiles, whose Pareto frontier is not a singleton, there exists an extended game Gamma(G, L) with that polyhedron as the convex hull of feasible payoffs, an information structure T coarser than L and a player i who strictly prefers a Nash equilibrium in Gamma(G, T) to any Nash equilibrium in Gamma(G, L)