Equal Opportunity Between Men and Women: The Case of France


Feminist Economics

printemps 1998, vol. 4, n°1, pp.53-69

Départements : Management et Ressources Humaines

The article deals with the implementation of equal opportunities and positive action in the field of work in France. After presenting a few characteristic trends of the evolution of the status of women on the labor market, the author presents the legal and policy framework of professional equality in France. She then discusses the positive action strategies which have been implemented by firms and explores reasons for their relative scarcity. In a final section, she deals with the recent evolution of the labor market. The rapid growth in part time employment could be seen as a possible solution to the problem of reconciling work and family life. However, in practice, the two processes, reconciliation of work and family life and the development of atypical forms of employment may combine to restructure the labor market in such a way that the inequalities affecting particular categories of women become cumulative.