Articles

L’analyse comportementale du droit

A-L; SIBONY, G HELLERINGER, A. ALEMANNO

Revue Internationale de Droit Economique (RIDE)

2016, vol. 3, n°XXX, pp.315-338

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Analyse comportementale du droit, approche empirique, droit et psychologie, théorie du droit, nudge

https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-droit-economique-2016-3-page-315.htm


Pour être efficace, le droit a besoin d’une représentation aussi exacte que possible des comportements humains. Les sciences cognitives et comportementales offrent à cet égard des enseignements précieux, que le droit gagnerait à intégrer davantage. Dans cet article, nous rendons compte d’un mouvement de recherche qui s’est développé depuis une vingtaine d’années et s’intéresse aux manières d’intégrer les apports des sciences comportementales à l’étude du droit et à l’élaboration des politiques publiques. Nous explicitons dans un premier temps les prémisses dece champ d’études, avant de discuter l’appellation qui convient le mieux pour le nommer. Nous en dessinons ensuite les contours en décrivant ses objets et questionsde recherche. Enfin, nous évoquons ses méthodes. Par cette introduction à l’analyse comportementale du droit, nous adressons aux juristes une invitation à embrasserce champ de recherches interdisciplinaires encore nouveau en Europe

Mandatory consumer arbitration in a transatlantic perspective: the US supreme court paves the (wrong) way

M. M. WINKLER

Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales (RDAI) / International Business Law Journal (IBLJ)

2016, vol. 5, pp.519-536

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Arbitration; Comparative law; Consumer law; EU law; United States

https://www.iblj.com/abstract.htm?ref=52016519-536


Dans la dernière décennie, la Cour Suprême des Etats-Unis s’est trouvé au coeur d’une tempête de critiques, déclenchée par ses décisions en matière d’arbitrage obligatoire de consommateur. La dernière de ces décisions en particulier, rendue le 14 décembre 2015 dans l’affaire Direct TV c. Imburgia, a proviqué un débat brûlant concerant certains aspects fondamentaux de l’arbitrage, teel que les limites de l’autonomie des parties, le rôle de l’interprétation contractuelle et la question de la nature de l’arbitrage elle-même. En raison de ces vastes implications, et en dépit de sa dimension presque exclusivement américaine, la décision Direct TV peut être sujette à une analyse transnationale visant à saisir ses profondes répercussions sur la compréhension de l’arbitrage et du contentieux de consommation en Europe par comparaison aux Etats-Unis

Nudges: Better choices ?

M BOZZO-REY, A BRUNON-ERNST, A. VAN WAEYENBERGE

The Tocqueville Review / La revue Tocqueville

2016, vol. 37, n°1, pp.7-20

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

https://muse.jhu.edu/article/626849/pdf


The role of codes of conduct in the assessment of unfair commercial practices

A. VAN WAEYENBERGE, A. BOCHON

Journal of Business Law

2016, vol. 6, pp.451-464

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Codes of conduct; EU law; Unfair commercial practices


This article provides an in-depth analysis of the role of codes of conduct in the assessment of unfair commercial practices established by Directive 2005/29 of 11 May 2005 concerning unfair business-to-consumer practices in the internal market and its current reception in Member States case law

What the TTIP leaks mean for the on-going negotiations and future agreement?: Time to overcome TTIP's many informational asymmetries

A. ALEMANNO

European Journal of Risk Regulation

2016, vol. 7, n°2, pp.237 - 241

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : TTIP, international trade, FTA, EU, US, regulatory convergence, regulatory coherence, mutual recognition, equivalence, regulatory compatibility, risk regulation


One of the major merits of the TTIP leaks has been to highlight the underlying information asymmetry characterising the on-going TTIP negotiations. By systematically releasing its position papers before each negotiation, the EU actual disclosure policy contributes to a permanent yet overlooked information imbalance between the EU and its trading partner(s). The ensuing asymmetry does not only alter the overall negotiating environment, but also how the media, academics, and, in turn, the public actually perceive it. Moreover, it generates many other information asymmetries within the EU itself: that between the negotiators and the elected representatives, that between corporate and civil society interest groups, and eventually between the ‘TTIP circus’ and the general public. If the negotiators themselves have hijacked the rhetoric of fact-checking, academics have not yet had their chance to contribute to the discussion. As a result, only the EU positions have been studied, criticized and closely debated, with the US negotiating positions remaining largely a mystery. After briefly presenting the how’s of the TTIP leaks, this opening piece examines the what’s and why’s behind this unprecedented revelation of negotiating texts. It is against this backdrop that the other contributors to this symposium explore which are the most immediate consequences of the TTIP leaks on the on-going negotiations and future agreement.

While Legislature Is Paralyzed over Stepparent Adoption, Italian Courts Uphold Same-Sex Adoptions Performed Abroad

M. M. WINKLER

Lesbian/Gay Law Notes

janvier 2016, pp.14-15

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

http://le-gal.org/while-legislature-is-paralyzed-over-stepparent-adoption-italian-courts-uphold-same-sex-adoptions-performed-abroad/


On December 23, 2015, the Court of Appeals of Rome affirmed the ruling rendered on July 30, 2014, by the Juvenile Tribunal (Tribunale per i Minorenni) of Rome that recognized a female partner of the biological mother of a child as entitled to stepparent adoption of the same child (the first instance ruling is described in 2014 Lesbian & Gay Law Notes 425 (2012)). The judgment confirms the great strides made by Italian courts in the recognition and protection of same-sex families in a context where legislation is still missing (see Eur. Ct. Hum Rgts, Case of Oliari v. Italy, Apps. Nos. 18766/11 and 36030/11, July 21, 2015). In the matter of X (Foreign Same-Sex Stepparent Adoption).After Greece enacted a law on same-sex civil unions on Dec. 23, 2015, Italy remains the only one among Western Europe countries lacking any regulation of same-sex couples (as well as of other major sexual orientation-related subjects like criminal provisions regarding hate speech and hate crimes). A bill providing for civil unions allegedly inspired by the German model (No. S-2081) is dormant in the Senate since March 2013 and will be presumably discussed, if the schedule is respected, at the end of January 2016. The bill originated from the left-wing ranks of the Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD), but encountered strong opposition from both the center-right parties and the Catholic faction of PD. Throughout the discussions that preceded the bill’s official presentation in the Senate in October 2015, opponents filed more than 4,200 amendments, most of them obstructionist in nature and therefore completely useless, with no other purpose than that of delaying and ultimately sacking the bill. Strong opposition comes from the Catholic Church as well, which on multiple occasions has threatened “barricades” and popular uprising against the bill if passed

C’era una Volta Kiobel: I Giudici Americani Tornano a Pronunciarsi sull’Extraterritorialità dell’Alien Tort Statute [Once Upon a Time, It Was Kiobel: American Courts Come Back to the Extraterritorialità of the Alien Tort Statute]

M. M. WINKLER, M. M. PORCELLUZZI

Diritto del Commercio Internazionale

2015, vol. 29, n°3, pp.885-906

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

https://www.academia.edu/19607863/Cera_una_volta_Kiobel_i_giudici_americani_tornano_a_pronunciarsi_sullextraterritorialit%C3%A0_dellAlien_Tort_Statute


L’Alien Tort Statute, che conferisce alle corti federali giurisdizione in materiadi azioni di risarcimento dei danni promosse da stranieri per violazioni del dirittointernazionale, non può essere applicato extraterritorialmente neppure ove lasocietà convenuta abbia la propria sede negli Stati Uniti e la condotta contestatasi sia qui realizzata, in quanto tali circostanze non sono suf¿cienti per superare la presunzione di non-extraterritorialità che grava su ogni legge del Congresso

Effects of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) in Research and Innovation: Indirect Legislation in EU Policy-Making?

A. VAN WAEYENBERGE, A. BRUNON-ERNST

Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law

2015, vol. 47, n°1, pp.22-38

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : legal philosophy, European union, Jeremy Bentham, indirect legislation, pragmatic approach, research and innovation


This study offers new insights on the open method of coordination (OMC) of the European Union (EU) by focusing on the effects of this new method for producing EU regulation. The starting points here are that the OMC is not a radically new method of governance, and that it must be seen as an application of the theory of indirect legislation – as developed by Bentham. With the concept of indirect legislation, Bentham thinks a system of governing individuals that does not rest only on the fear of legal punishment, but is backed by the prospect of rewards and the fear of public censure. For the purpose of the comparison between the OMC and indirect legislation, the latter is considered as a system of social control, which – whether it be categorised as legal or not – is first and foremost normative and has effects, i.e. is applied, followed and enforced in a given community without resorting to the binding force of the law. Thanks to the input of indirect legislation, this study aims to understand what have been the real effects of the OMC and more particularly of the OMC applied to the research and innovation policy in Belgium

Global Shipping Alliances: What Prospects After the Rejection of the P3 Project by China's Competition Authority

P. CORRUBLE

The Journal of International Maritime Law

2015, vol. 21, n°3, pp.203-215

Départements : Droit et fiscalité

http://www.peacepalacelibrary.nl/plinklet/index.php?sid=related&ppn=397113803


How Much Better is Better Regulation?

C. MONNET, A. ALEMANNO

European Journal of Risk Regulation

2015, vol. 3

Départements : Droit et fiscalité, GREGHEC (CNRS)



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