Employee Mobility and Organizational Outcomes: An Integrative Conceptual Framework and Research Agenda


Journal of Management

janvier 2016, vol. 42, n°1, pp.85-113

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Employee mobility, Human capital, Relational capital, Organizational outcomes

A large and growing literature spanning multiple fields has identified employee mobility as a critical influence on several important organizational outcomes. However, extant research on the topic is highly fragmented and lacks a unifying theoretical framework, impeding the development of a cumulative conceptually-integrated body of research. We seek to remedy this situation by undertaking a review of research on employee mobility and its organizational impacts, and casting it within a novel integrative conceptual framework. As a critical foundation for this framework, we highlight how the various organizational impacts of employee mobility are ultimately engendered by different dimensions of human and/or relational capital that are conveyed by mobile individuals. Building on this foundation, we describe how multi-level contextual factors – characterized as attributes of the employee, source and destination firms, and environmental conditions – may moderate the transfer and utilization of human and relational capital held by mobile individuals. Finally, we review how constraining factors, such as labor market imperfections on both demand and supply sides, can impede employee mobility, and also how alternative competing channels – for example, alliances, networks and geographic spillovers, and acquisitions – may be used for effectuating the same organizational impacts as mobility events. These constraints and competing channels are important because they circumscribe the conditions under which employee mobility can be a critical influence on organizational outcomes. We seek to provide a rich integrative theoretical understanding of employee mobility, and spur future research on important unanswered research questions

Equity crowdfunding: A new phenomena


Journal of Business Venturing Insights

juin 2016, vol. 5, pp.37–49

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Equity crowdfunding, UK, Campaign success

Crowdfunding has recently become available for entrepreneurs. Most academic studies analyse data from rewards-based (pre-selling) campaigns. In contrast, in this paper we analyse 636 campaigns, encompassing 17,188 investors and 64,831 investments between 2012 and 2015, from one of the leading European equity crowdfunding platforms. We provide descriptive statistics and carry out cross-campaign regression analysis. The descriptive statistics address its size, growth and geographic distributions in the UK. The regressions analyse which factors are associated with the probability of a successful campaign. We find some similarities and some interesting dissimilarities when comparing the descriptive statistics and regression results to research on rewards-based crowding. The data show that equity crowdfunding will likely pose great challenges to VC and business angel financiers in the near future. We discuss some research challenges and opportunities with these kind of data

Global Cities and Liability of Foreignness


European Journal of International Management

2016, vol. 10, n°1, pp.78-94

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise

Mots clés : global cities; liability of foreignness; multinational enterprises; MNEs; institutional distance; location choices; cosmopolitanism; service availability; advanced producer services; interconnectedness; Nordic countries; Japan; industrial characteristics; globalisation

In this paper, we combine the concepts of location, liability of foreignness (LoF), and their relation to factors that drive multinational enterprises (MNEs) towards, or away from, global cities. We argue that three interrelated characteristics of global cities - cosmopolitanism, availability of advanced producer services, and interconnectedness - help MNEs to overcome the liability of foreignness. We operationalise liability of foreignness as institutional distance and analyse its influence on the worldwide location of a large sample of subsidiaries of Nordic and Japanese MNEs. Our results indicate that MNEs have a stronger propensity to locate in global cities than in metropolitan or peripheral areas, and that these locational choices are affected by institutional distance and industrial characteristics. The results provide empirical support for our argument that locating in a global city can reduce the liability of foreignness suffered by MNEs, and that global cities play a central role in the process of globalisation

Hierarchies and entrepreneurship


European Economic Review

octobre 2016, vol. 89, pp.129–147

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Entrepreneurship, Employee mobility, Hierarchy, Rank; Small firm effect

We establish a correlation between the hierarchical structure of a firm and the likelihood of business creation among its former employees, using a sample of 16 million observations of Swedish workers and a novel proxy for hierarchies based on occupation data. Conditional on firm size and many other variables, employees in firms with more layers are less likely to enter entrepreneurship, to become self-employed, and to switch to another employer. The effects of layers are much stronger for business creation than for job-switching and they are stronger for entrepreneurship than for self-employment. We discuss two potential explanations for the distinctive hierarchy effect we find. Part of the effect could be to be due to preference sorting by employees, and part due to employees in firms with fewer layers having a broader range of skills. One test showing that the probability of entrepreneurship increases with their prior rank in an organization is consistent with ability sorting and inconsistent with preference sorting

Invention Quality and Entrepreneurial Earnings: The Role of Prior Employment Variety


Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice

mars 2016, vol. 40, n°2, pp.381-400

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

We use creativity theory to analyze the effects of occupational job variety and industry variety on invention quality, and entrepreneurial earnings. We test our ideas with survey data from 770 inventor–entrepreneurs who commercialized their own inventions. Results suggest that occupational and industry variety substitute for each other in positively affecting invention quality whereas a lack of industry variety is associated with greater entrepreneurial earnings. Results are consistent with the idea that high levels of both occupational and industry variety enables the generation and discovery of inventions, but these ideas are usually not technically feasible or financially viable

L'Enseignement de la sociologie des organisations


Entreprises et Histoire

septembre 2016, vol. 84, n°3, pp.123-142

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise

Quand et comment l’enseignement de la sociologie des organisations a-t-il débuté en France dans les universités, les écoles, les autres établissements, en formation initiale et en formation des adultes ? Quelles ont été les expériences d’enseignement dans les années 1970 ? Où en est cet enseignement aujourd’hui ? Quels sont les apports de la sociologie des organisations ?

Logic combination and performance across occupational communities: The case of French film directors


Journal of Business Research

juillet 2016, vol. 69, n°7, pp.2371–2379

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Logic combination, Cinema, Occupational community, Cultural entrepreneur, France

This article analyzes the effects of logic combination on cultural entrepreneurs' performance in both their original (artistic) and new (business) occupational communities. An analysis of the impact of the director-producer logic combination on artistic and commercial performance in French cinema confirms an asymmetry in outcomes: (1) although performance in the original artistic community is impaired by repeated logic combination (receiving fewer awards), (2) performance in the new business community benefits from logic combination (increased box office returns) as long as directors remain close to the boundary separating their original and new occupational communities

Multiple pathways to success in small creative businesses: The case of Belgian furniture designers


Journal of Business Research

novembre 2016, vol. 69, n°11, pp.5461-5466

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise

Mots clés : Furniture design industryPersonal valuesSuccessQCA

This research presents an explorative comparative case study of 21 cases in the Belgian furniture design industry with regard to achievement of success. The study looks into both objective and subjective measures of success, namely business growth and high perceived success. The set-theoretic analysis of these data yields two major conclusions. Firstly, no business growth and low perceived success are both accomplished for ‘part-time’ designers with a clear product focus on furniture and low values for conservation. Secondly, part-time designers show low perceived success and low business growth. These findings enhance configurational understanding of the furniture design industry and show that entrepreneurs require individual support and advice

Taking a Second Look in a Warped Crystal Ball: Explaining the Accuracy of Revised Forecasts


Journal of Management Studies

décembre 2016, vol. 53, n°8, pp.1292-1319

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise, GREGHEC (CNRS)

Mots clés : Forecasting, Syndication, Value-adding commitment, Venture capital

The fundamental questions we address are whether firms with a higher initial forecasting ability are able to accurately revise the exit forecasts of their investments; and how co-investment partners and value-adding commitment with their investment influence the main effect. We explore these questions with novel and unique data collected via mixed research methods on venture capital firms’ forecasts of 114 portfolio companies. We find that venture capital firms that are better at making initial forecasts are less effective in revising their forecasts. In addition, while the number of co-investment partners positively moderate this relationship, venture capital firms’ value-adding commitment moderates it negatively. Our findings contribute to the literature on organizational forecasting as well as inter-organizational knowledge transfer and knowledge creation. They also provide novel insights into venture capital literature and practice

Unraveling Belgian fashion designers' high perceived success: A set-theoretic approach


Journal of Business Research

avril 2016, vol. 69, n°4, pp.1407-1411

Départements : Stratégie et Politique d’Entreprise

Mots clés : Fashion design industryAmbidexterityDominant logiccsQCA

This article presents an explorative comparative case study of 19 cases in the fashion design industry regarding the achievement of high perceived organizational success. The set-theoretic analysis of these data yields two configurational pathways to high perceived success. Firstly, a balance between exploitation and exploration is necessary, especially when the fashion design firm is at an early stage in the life cycle or following dominant industry logic. Secondly, no balance is sufficient for low perceived organizational success. These findings enhance configurational understanding of the fashion industry and show that the business side of that industry needs more support